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Nutrition Citation: Style of the ICMJE - International Committee of Medical Journal Editors

Citation examples and resources used by the Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research.

Citing Medicine Citation Guide

Need More Help?

For additional assistance with citation styles, consult your professor or reference staff at the Mount Library. 

You can reach the Library by email: library@msvu.ca or by phoning 457-6250.  Please note: library staff will help you as much as possible but they may also refer you back to your professor.

Print Articles

Template: Print

AuthorLastname, FI. Article title: subtitle. Abbr J Title. Year;Vol:page-page.

Article: Print

Brown L, Edwards J, Hartwell H. A taste of the unfamiliar: understanding the meanings attached to food by international postgraduate students in England. Appetite. 2010;54:202-7.

Electronic Articles

Template: Electronic
with DOI

Electronic without DOI

AuthorLastname, FI. Article title: subtitle. Abbr J Title. Year [cited Date];Vol:page-page. doi: xxxx.xxx.xx.xx.

 

AuthorLastname, FI. Article title: subtitle. Abbr J Title. Year [cited Date];Vol:page-page. Available from: url.

Article: Electronic
with DOI

Olstad DL, Lieffers JR, Raine K, McCargar LJ. Implementing the Alberta nutrition guidelines for children and youth: In a recreational facility. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2011 [cited 2014 Dec 17];72(4):E212-177. doi: 10.3148/72.4.2011.e212.

Article: Electronic
without DOI

Shatenstein B, Kergoat M, Reid I, Chicoine ME. Dietary intervention in older adults with early-stage Alzheimer dementia: early lessons learned.  J Nutr Health Aging. 2008 [cited 2015 Jan 8]; 12(7):461-9. http://ezproxy.msvu.ca/login?urllink.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2FBF02982707.pdf

Agencies/Orgnaizations as Authors

Template: Organization Author

Personal and Organization Author

Organization. Article title: subtitle. Abbr J Title. Year;Vol:page-page.

Note: Multiple organizations are seperated by semi-colons, while personal authors are sperated by commas.

AuthorOne FI, AuthorTwo FI; Organization; Organization Two; Title of article. Abbr J Title. Year;Vol:page-page.

Article:
Organization Author

Health Canada; Canadian Paediatric Society; Dietitians of Canada; Breastfeeding Committee for Canada. Nutrition for healthy term infants: recommendations from birth to six months. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2012 [cite 2015 Jan 9];73(4):204. doi: 10.3148/73.4.2012.204.

Article:
Personal & Organization Author

Futcher RK; Canadian Cancer Society. When patients have cancer: the Canadian Cancer Society is there to help. Can Fam Physician. 2001 Mar;47:570-571.

Multiple Authors

Template: Article: 1-6 Authors

Article:
7+ Authors

AuthorLastname FI. Article title: subtitle. Abbr J Title. Year [cited Date];Vol:page-page. Available from: url.

AuthorOne AA, AuthorTwo BB, AuthorThree CC, AuthorFour DD, AuthorFive EE, AuthorSix FF, et al. Article title: subtitle. Abbr J Title. Year [cited Date];Vol:page-page. Available from url.

Article:
No author

21st century heart solution may have a sting in the tail. BMJ [Internet]. 2002 [cited 2015 Jan 9];325(7357):184-185. doi: 10.1136/bmj/a.7357.

Article:
1 author

Medveczky T. Lessons about food anaphylaxis. Clin Med. 2014 [cited 2015 Jan 8];14(6):601-603. doi: 10.7861/clinmedicine.14-6-601.

Article:
2-6 Authors

List all authors when there are six or fewer.

Olstad DL, Lieffers JR, Raine K, McCargar LJ. Implementing the Alberta nutrition guidelines for children and youth: In a recreational facility. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2011 [cited 2014 Dec 17];72(4):E212-177. doi: 10.3148/72.4.2011.e212.

Article:
7+ Authors

When there are seven or more, list only the first six and add “et al.”.

Tagliaferri C, Davicco M, Lebecque P, Georgé S, Amiot M, Mercier S, et al. Olive oil and vitamin D synergistically prevent bone loss in mice. PLoS ONE. 2014 [cited 2014 Dec 17] 12;9(12):1-19. Available from: http://ezproxy.msvu.ca/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=100187636&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

Pagination

Journal with Continuous Pagination

(Page numbers increase with each issue)

Manos SH, Cui Y, MacDonald NN, Parker L, Dummer TJ.  Youth health care utilization in Nova Scotia: what is the role of age, sex and socio-economic status? Can J Public Health. 2014;105:e431-7.

Journal with Non-Continuous Pagination

(Each issue begins with page 1)

Tagliaferri C, Davicco M, Lebecque P, Georgé S, Amiot M, Mercier S, et al. Olive oil and vitamin D synergistically prevent bone loss in mice. PLoS ONE. 2014 [cited 2014 Dec 17] 12;9(12):1-19. Available from: http://ezproxy.msvu.ca/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=100187636&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

About Pagination

Continuous Pagination vs. Non-Continuous Pagination

There are two ways to number the pages of a journal:

  1. restart the page numbers each volume (Continuous)
  2. restart the page numbers each issue (Non-continuous)

Image of two journals with different pagination styles

Continuous pagination: each issue in a volume continues numbering the pages from the previous issue.

Non-continuous pagination: each issue in a volume restarts numbering the pages from page 1

  • In non-continuous pagination there are repeating page numbers within a single volume
  • Therefore the volume and issue numbers are required to know on which pages the article is found
    • In the example above for the journal PLoS ONE both the volume and the issue are needed to know which pages 1-19 of volume 9

Journal Abbreviation Search

Note: "If a title does not appear in the NLM [National Library of Medicine], provide the complete title" from Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research: Guide for Authors Journal Style

General Rules for Authors/Editiors

  • List all authors when there are six or fewer.
  • When there are six or more, list only the first six and add “et al.”
  • List names in the order they appear in the text
  • Enter surname (family or last name) first for each author/editor
  • Capitalize surnames and enter spaces within surnames as they appear in the document cited on the assumption that the author approved the form used. For example: Van Der Horn or van der Horn; De Wolf or de Wolf or DeWolf.
  • Convert given (first) names and middle names to initials for a maximum of two initials following each surname
  • Separate author/editor names from each other by a comma and a space
  • If there are no authors, only editors, follow the last named editor with a comma and the word editor or editors; see Editor and Other Secondary Authors below if there are authors and editors
  • End author/editor information with a period

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