The following resources contain freely available information from Statistics Canada.
2016 Census Data Tables: Need a quick number or fact for your assignment? This series of cross-tabulations present a portrait of Canada based on the various census topics. They range in complexity and are available for various levels of geography. Browse by topic, variable, or geography.
The Daily: Announcements of studies, current statistics and articles that are released on a variety of topics.
Census of Canada: Conducted every five years, the census offers a snapshot of Canadian society at a given time. Census data is useful for making observations the about the current status of Canadian society.
Census of Canada, 1640-1945: Library and Archives Canada holds an extensive collection of Canadian census records from 1640 to 1926, and for Newfoundland from 1671 to 1945. Starting in 1851, most census records included the names of every resident, their country or province of birth, age and many other details.
Statistics Canada: Census Program Data Viewer: The Census Program Data Viewer (CPDV), is a new, web-based data visualization tool that will make statistical information more interpretable by presenting key indicators in a statistical dashboard. The CPDV makes it easy to find many places in Canada, see them on a map, and get basic geographic and sociodemographic data for those places.