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Applied Human Nutrition

Full Nutrition Citation Guide

Citation Style of the ICMJE - International Committee of Medical Journal Editors

The Mount Nutrition department frequently uses the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors recommendations (formerly the Vancouver Style, and based on the Uniform Requirements) as it is the style of many nutrition and biomedical journals, and the Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research.

This citation style requires that you cite your references numerically in the text, numbered in parentheses in order of citation. The full references are listed at the end of the paper as endnotes.

Helpful links:

Other citation styles?

Vancouver Style - Sample Text and References

What is Plagiarism?

The Miriam-Webster online dictionary defines plagiarism as the act of stealing and passing off the ideas or words of another as one's own, or to use another's production without crediting the source. Some examples include:

  • buying or downloading entire papers from the Internet;
  • copying a section of a website into your paper and not giving credit to the author;
  • using any quantity of text -- even as little as a sentence -- written by someone else and not using quotation marks around the text or providing a citation;
  • paraphrasing or summarizing someone else's words or ideas without giving credit.
  • Submitting previous course work a second time, or submitting the same paper for multiple assignments (this is called self-plagiarism).
  • using any print or electronic written, musical, artistic or poetic work without acknowledging the original creator

Basically, plagiarism is theft; taking another person's ideas and/or work without giving them credit, whether it was intentional or not.


Sources and image credits:

Merriam-Webster. (n.d.). Plagiarism. In dictionary. Retrieved February 21, 2021, from

Unshelved © 2002-2015 Overdue Media LLC, all rights reserved. "Unshelved" is a registered trademark of Overdue Media LLC. Used with permission

Academic Integrity at MSVU

The issue of academic integrity is taken very seriously at MSVU. This concept is so intrinsic to teaching, learning and research that professors and librarians can sometimes forget that new members of our academic community are not aware of its importance. 

Mount Saint Vincent University's values:

  • Academic Freedom
  • Accountability
  • Creativity
  • Engagement
  • Professionalism
  • Respect

Read more about the Vision, Mission, and Values of Mount Saint Vincent University.

These values govern university activities; as a member of the university, you should be governed by them too.

Read more about the MSVU Student Guidelines for Conduct in a Virtual Environment. 

The Research Community:
Here are some important points to remember about research and scholarship:

  • Research rarely starts from nothing. Very few ideas are truly original, rather we build on the work done by others.
  • Research is a “community” endeavor. Even if you are working on your essay or assignment alone, you are using the ideas of others: your professor, classmates, authors of books or articles you’ve read.
  • Research ideas and positions are dynamic: they evolve, morph, and often die.

Keeping in mind the ideas of “university values” and a “research community” consider the definition of “integrity” as provided by the Oxford English Dictionary:

having soundness of moral principle; uncorrupted virtue, especially in relation to truth and fair dealing; uprightness, honesty, sincerity.

Academic Integrity:Page in typewriter with text 'integrity' printed
Academic integrity, then, is the pursuit of scholarly activity based on the values of honesty, truth, trust, fairness, respect and responsibility. It will guide the choices you make in your studies and in your research. Academic integrity applies not only to students, but also to faculty and researchers. 

Practicing academic integrity means that you maintain the trustworthiness and believability of academic work. It means never plagiarizing or cheating, never misrepresenting yourself, never falsifying information or handing in the same work twice, never deceiving or compromising the work of others, never working in groups when you have been asked to complete work on your own.



Sources and image credits:

Photo by Tumisu, used under CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication /Cropped from original Integrity by Nick Youngson, used under CC BY-SA 3.0


ZBib - Citation tool

Citation Tools

ZoteroBib helps you build a bibliography instantly from any computer or device, without creating an account or installing any software, 

if you need to reuse sources across multiple projects or build a shared research library, we recommend using Zotero instead.

Zotero (pronounced "zoh-TAIR-oh") is free citation software that collects, manages, and cites research sources. It automatically updates itself periodically to work with new online sources and new bibliographic styles.

Other Citation Help